January 03, 2015

Q TIME: BHARAT RATNA MALAVIYA


'MAHAMANA' PANDIT MADAN MOHAN MALAVIYA

An inspirational freedom fighter, an eminent educationalist, a renowned journalist, an ace lawyer and a well reputed social worker - Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya was one of the greatest Indians to have been born in British India. From relatively humble beginnings, he rose to became a judge in the High Court only to give up the legal profession so as to actively participate in the freedom struggle and to devote himself to the welfare of the needy. The founder of the prestigious Benares Hindu University (BHU), he was conferred the title of 'Mahamana' by Gandhiji. Now, with the NDA government bestowing the Bharat Ratna on him this year along with former PM Atal Bihari Vajpayee, a day before their birthdays on 25th December, here is a short quiz on the life of this great son of India.

(1) Under what pen name did Pandit Malaviya write his poems while studying at the Allahabad Zilla School?
Markand
Makarand
Markhandey
Makardhwaj

(2) Pandit Malaviya began his journalistic career as the Editor of which Hindi weekly?
Abhyudaya
Maryada
Sanatana Dharma
Hindustan

(3) Though he had quit the legal profession, Pandit Malaviya appeared in the trial of several people accused in the Chowri Chowra incident. This infamous incident that saw several policemen being charred to death was a part of which of the following movements in the Indian Freedom Struggle?
Non Co-operation Movement
Civil Disobedience Movement
Quit India Movement
Khilafat Movement

(4) Pandit Malaviya was the President of Indian National Congress on how many different occasions?
Four
Three
Two
One

(5) With which leader did Malaviya sign the Poona Pact in 1932?
Lala Lajpat Rai
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru
Rajendra Prasad
Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar

(6) Which party did Mahanama launch in 1934 along with Madhav Shrihari Aney after breaking away from the Congress?
Hindu Mahasabha
Congress Nationalist Party
Hindu Nationalist Party
Swaraj Party

(7) Mahanama was not a founding member of which of the following magazines/newspapers?
Maryada
Hindustan Times
Abhyudaya
Leader

(8) Malaviya served as the Chairman of which of the following newspapers between 1924 and 1946?
Hindustan Times
The Times of India
The Indian Express
Deccan Herald

(9) The BHU Act was passed by the Parliament in which year?
BHU Act 1914
BHU Act 1915
BHU Act 1916
BHU Act 1917

(10) Which future President of India succeeded Mahamana as the Vice Chancellor of the BHU in 1939?
Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
Dr. Rajendra Prasad
Dr. Zakir Hussain
Dr. A P J Abdul Kalam

(11) Which of the following slogans was popularized by Mahamana?
Jai Hind
Satyameva Jayate
Inquilab Zindabad
Vande Mataram

(12) Which of the following traditions owns its existence to Pandit Malaviya?
Ganga Aarti at Hari ki Pauri
Ganesh Celebration
Durga Pooja Pandal
Kumbh Mela